Fabric Lay-out and cutting

before you start laying-out fabric make sure you have the pattern ready, as well as cutting tools which is (scissors, pins, marker, ……), fabric and patterns must be 100% flat on a flat table, and make sure you have plenty of space to work. A large table is best, because it is at a height that is ergonomic.
there are some important concepts to keep in mind.
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draping on mannequin for fashion design

Draping on mannequin has been popular for centuries, men and women in ancient Rome and Greece all wore draped dresses. While contemporary Indian women often wear a sari, which is a type of draped dress as well. It’s possible to make a draped dress either by making a new dress entirely from draped fabric or by draping additional fabric onto a simple, existing dress as an enhancement, however draping on mannequin is about draping new fabric to make a whole new garment, Draping is a key skill which allows apparel designers to understand what creates a great fit and how to achieve it. If a garment sample fits poorly, a designer who is familiar with how darts and seams give shape to garments can spot what is creating the fit issue and advise the factory how to correct the problem, it’s one of the most creative parts of the fashion design process. Apparel designers can experiment with fabric, and decide where to place darts, tucks, and other design elements. Playing with the way fabric folds and hangs on the body is a fun way to create new fashion designs that you wouldn’t have thought of sitting in front of a sketchpad.
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Sewing Machine Tension

Adjusting the tension in your sewing machine is the start point for making beautiful sewing, tension in sewing machine is adjustable because you need to sew different fabrics with variety of thicknesses, and different stitch length too.
The goal of adjusting the tension is to have your two threads meet in the middle inside the fabric, if the bobbin thread is showing on the top of your fabric then you need to loosen your tension moving to a lower number, or in some cases tighten the bobbin tension. On the other hand if the top thread is showing on the backside of your fabric that means you need to tighten the tension for the needle thread, or loosen the bobbin tension. Read More

Seam Allowance

While making a pattern, it is always important to remember to allow space for the seam, as you can’t sew right on the edge of the cut fabric or else it will fray. This is what is known as the seam allowance, seam allowance is the area between the stitching and edge of the fabric.On patterns the seam allowance is most often marked by a small notch which indicates how far from the edge the stitching line is to be sewn. On patterns for home use the seam allowances are sometimes unfortunately not marked on the pattern, leaving the sewer to rely on the make instructions.
Seam joins more than one pieces of fabric. All layers of fabric sewed together must have the same seam allowance, the raw edges must line up evenly to create an equal seam allowances on all of the pieces being joined.The basic principle of seaming is; two pieces of fabric are laid on top of each other and a needle and thread goes back and forth along a line, joining the two together.
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